The musical system of ancient Greece evolved over a period of more than years from simple scales of tetrachords , or divisions of the perfect fourth , to The Perfect Immutable System , encompassing a span of fifteen pitch keys see tonoi below Chalmers , chapt. Any discussion of ancient Greek music, theoretical, philosophical or aesthetic, is fraught with two problems: there are few examples of written music, and there are many, sometimes fragmentary, theoretical and philosophical accounts. This article provides an overview that includes examples of different kinds of classification while also trying to show the broader form evolving from the simple tetrachord to the system as a whole. At about the turn of the 5th to 4th century BCE the tonal system, systema teleion, had been elaborated in its entirety. As an initial introduction to the principal names of the divisions of the system and the framing tetrachords, a depiction of notes and positional terms follows.
Apart from the common music found all-around Greece, there are distinct types of folk music, sometimes related to the history or simply the taste of the specific places. The Greek folk music, in Greek Demotiko or Paradosiako , refers to the traditional Greek popular songs and music of mainland Greece and islands dated to the Byzantine times. It was the sole popular musical genre of the Greek people until the spread of rebetiko and laiko in the early 20th century, spread by the Greek refugees from Asia Minor. This kind of music evolved from the ancient and the medieval Greek era and was established until the present day. The lyrics are based on Demotiki folk poetry usually by anonymous lyricist and popular themes are love, marriage, humor, death, nature, water, sea, religious, about klephts , armatoloi , various war fighters or battles etc. The songs are played mainly in the following tempos: Syrtos various versions , Kalamatianos , Tsamiko , Ballos , Sousta and Pentozali Crete.
The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history. Greek music separates into two parts: Greek traditional music and Byzantine music , with more eastern sounds. Greek musical history extends far back into ancient Greece , since music was a major part of ancient Greek theater. In the 19th century, opera composers, like Nikolaos Mantzaros — , Spyridon Xyndas — and Spyridon Samaras — and symphonists, like Dimitris Lialios and Dionysios Rodotheatos revitalized Greek art music. However, the diverse history of art music in Greece, which extends from the Cretan Renaissance and reaches modern times, exceeds the aims of the present article, which is, in general, limited to the presentation of the musical forms that have become synonymous to 'Greek music' during the last few decades; that is, the 'Greek song' or the 'song in Greek verse'. In ancient Greece , men usually performed choruses for entertainment, celebration, and spiritual reasons. Instruments included the double-reed aulos and the plucked string instrument like pandura , the kanonaki , the lyre , especially the special kind called a kithara. Music was an important part of education in ancient Greece, and boys were taught music starting at age six. Greek musical literacy created a flowering of development; Greek music theory included the Greek musical modes , eventually became the basis for Eastern and Western religious music and classical music. Due to Rome's reverence for Greek culture, the Romans borrowed the Greek method  of 'enchiriadic notation' marks which indicated the general shape of the tune but not the exact notes or rhythms to record their music, if they used any notation at all.
This is a list of Greek singers and groups. This list mainly contains artists of pop and rock, and not many of traditional Greek music and laiko. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This list needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.